A report includes an abstract and contents in addition to a title page. The main text consists of introduction, methodology, findings and results, a discussion and conclusion, followed by references and appendices. In a case study, one aspect of a real-world problem can be studied in detail, and is not restricted to a single research procedure. At the beginning there is a problem to solve, then the author describes and evaluates the stages of the investigation and leads the reader to the solution. A case study can make use of library research, interviews, questionnaires, observation, diaries, historical documents and collections of current documents. Depending on the purpose, case studies can be divided into three types - exploratory, explanatory and descriptive. Before a major piece of writing, such as an end-of-year project or a final-year dissertation, a student can be asked to write a research proposal. The purpose of this type of academic writing is to show how the student intends to tackle the study and whether he or she has thought through the practicalities. A research proposal typically involves the following stages - title, purpose, justification, literature review, method, dissemination and a reading list. Book reviews may be a simple summary of the discussion in a book or article or may be evaluative. Literature reviews may be part of a larger piece of work, such as an extended essay, report or dissertation, or may be a separate piece of work. It provides the context of what is already known about the topic in question in which the author situates the study he or she carries out. Reflective writing aims to help students learn from a particular practical experience. Students are asked to write down some of the thinking they have been through while writing an essay, teaching a class, selling a product, or performing another practical activity. Reflective writing helps students make sense of what they did or why, how they used what they were taught in classes and perhaps helps them do it better next time. The written reflection also serves as a source of reference and evidence in the future.
I find this an odd remark. Dr. Senior wrote out a list. Then it was typed. After several years, it was photo-copied, retyped, and eventually sent around by email over the course of 30 years. It was put in print recently in his book, The Death of Christian Culture (also available in ebook format). In the process of writing this article, I received version by pdf and email. Now I have added the original list to a website, which is– for many readers– linked to their Facebook or LinkedIn pages. I believe your own posting in the “com box” testifies to the success of putting these “excellent ideas” “within that reality.” No? That John Senior’s list has appeared in so many media attests to the enduring worth and ongoing attraction of his views.