At the end of the semester, additional scaling of the final course grade of up to a full letter grade (10pts) will take into account improvement over the semester and compensate for one particularly bad grade. Scaling most benefits those who 'bomb' exam 1 and then show dramatic improvement. In previous semesters, many students who failed exam 1 have seen the TA and me for help. They learned more about where they went wrong, how to study for conceptual questions, and how to answer essay questions. On exam 2 many have scored 20 points higher and a little higher still on exam 3. With the scaling, many who began the semester with D's and F's have earned A's and B's for their overall class grade!
Others consider that these ways of responding to our environment are built up over time through experiences. Social-cognitive theorists emphasize the situation the person is in and the person's expectations, habits, and belief system. This approach regards the environment, cognitions, and a person's behavior as all having an influence on each other in a complex pattern that shapes each individual's distinctive personality. Researchers in this approach study the various environmental influences that lead to particular types of personality formation.