Edward Said issued a response to Huntington's thesis in his 2001 article, " The Clash of Ignorance ".  Said argues that Huntington's categorization of the world's fixed "civilizations" omits the dynamic interdependency and interaction of culture. A longtime critic of the Huntingtonian paradigm, and an outspoken proponent of Arab issues, Edward Said (2004) also argues that the clash of civilizations thesis is an example of "the purest invidious racism, a sort of parody of Hitlerian science directed today against Arabs and Muslims" (p. 293). 
Morawiecki said he hopes Poland will follow the examples of South Korea and Turkey, where the . military presence has brought along American business investments. The deputy prime minister, who just last year described the choice of . voters as the choice between “cholera and the plague,” referring to Hillary Clinton and Trump, now said he was delighted by Trump and his attitude. He’s especially happy about the “very strong” endorsement by Trump of the Three Seas Initiative, a big regional project involving former Soviet satellites and a pet project of the Polish government, whose major goal is to release the region from its dependency on Russian gas.
Conflict between civilizations will be the latest phase in the evolution of conflict in the modern world. For a century and a half after the emergence of the modern international system with the Peace of Westphalia, the conflicts of the Western world were largely among princes-emperors, absolute monarchs and constitutional monarchs attempting to expand their bureaucracies, their armies, their mercantilist economic strength and, most important, the territory they ruled. In the process they created nation states, and beginning with the French Revolution the principal lines of conflict were between nations rather than princes. In 1793, as R. R. Palmer put it, "The wars of kings were over;